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Bud Grafting

In chip-budding, a chip of wood is removed from the grafting stock, and a chip of scion with bud is grafted into the gap Bud grafting consists of grafting a piece of scion bearing a single bud, onto the rootstock. Two techniques are mentioned here, and may often be used interchangeably: T-budding, and chip-budding. The latter is illustrated to the right.

In T-budding, a 'T' is cut into the rootstock, and the bark is gently peeled back, so that a small section of scion, with bud, may be slid in behind these flaps of bark, and secured until the two unite. Even when the graft has taken well, however, the rootstock should not be cut back until the next winter.

A variant known as chip-budding may also be used: rather than cutting a 'T' into the rootstock, a small chip of wood is removed from the rootstock, and a matching chip of scion, with bud, is grafted into the gap. With both techniques, be careful when handling the bud chip: do not handle by the moist cambium on the inside of the new chip, but handle by the bud or outer bark only.

See Grafting for the general principles involved.

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