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Brassica oleracea acephala

kale, collards

Fruits and Vegetables

Sow indoors, 6 weeks before last frost, or outdoors 3 weeks later, 1/2" deep. Harden off and transplant indoor-started specimens when soil temperature has reached 50F/10C, or some 3 weeks before last frost. Sink plants slightly below soil level, 12" apart, in rich well-drained soil

Kale is cold-tolerant and may be sown again in early summer, some 3 months before first fall frost, for fall and winter harvesting, when it tastes best. Do not overfeed with nitrogenous material

Brassica juncea (mustard greens, Oriental mustard)
Brassica napus (rutabaga, Swede turnip)
Brassica oleracea botrytis (cauliflower)
Brassica oleracea capitata (cabbage)
Brassica oleracea gemmifera (brussels sprouts)
Brassica oleracea gongylodes (kohlrabi)
Brassica oleracea italica (broccoli)
Brassica rapa chinensis (bok choi)
Brassica rapa japonica, Brassica rapa perviridis ()
Brassica rapa pekinensis (Chinese cabbage, pak choi)
Brassica rapa rapifera (turnip)
Brassica rapa (various Oriental greens)

Fruits and Vegetables

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