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strawberry plant

Fragaria x ananassa

strawberry

Fruits and Vegetables

Most strawberries are grown from purchased specimens; look for plants with clean pale roots. Plant these immediately in early spring or keep moist, cool and dark, in fridge or basement. Set plants deep enough that the middle of the plant's crown is level with well-drained, fertile, weed-free soil; raised beds in full sun are ideal. Zone 3-9

When planting, spread roots gently outwards, without bending them. Set plants 12" apart, spacing rows every 1 1/2' for day-neutrals and 2' for June-bearers, double this figure if plants in each row are allowed to runner

New plantlets on runners may be guided to a new location or be protected during the winter, severed from the parent and transplanted in spring. Note that fall transplanting is becoming more common, and is often quite successful

Strawberries, typically day-neutral varieties, may be started from seed, sown two-three months before last frost, on soil surface, under plastic or glass. Needs lower temperatures and light to germinate; keep moist, and uncover with germination. Drop temperature slightly to 55-60F/12-15C; feed with compost tea at 1 month. Harden off when outside temperature 55F/12C

In hot climes these cool weather plants are grown, as annuals, in the fall and picked in winter. In all cases, check that your variety is appropriate to your local climate

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