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Prunus species

Trees and Shrubs, Bonsai

Soak seed, stratify 4 months, and sow 4" apart early in spring, just covered, well-drained soil essential, sunny spot preferred. Needs light to germinate. If germination is difficult, try planting and keeping seed warm for 2 weeks before stratification, or simply sow early in fall, ideally into cold frame for some protection

Plant purchased specimens early spring or fall, giving roots plenty of room. Many forms are self-fertile. Propagate named cultivars by softwood cuttings, air layering, or by grafting, especially by the side-veneer method. Ring-bark or tourniquet air layering works but slow. Suitable for bonsai, especially Prunus mume, the Japanese flowering apricot, and Prunus spinosa, blackthorn or sloe; these are hardy to zones 7-9 and 5-9, respectively

Edible species described in more detail under Fruits and Vegetables

Prunus amygdalus, Prunus dulcis (almond)
Prunus armeniaca (apricot)
Prunus cerasus, Prunus avium, Prunus tomentosa (sour cherry, sweet cherry, Nanking cherry, bush cherry)
Prunus persica (peach, nectarine)
Prunus species (cherry)
Prunus species (plum, damson)

Cleft or Wedge Grafting
Cold Frames
Fruits and Vegetables
Air Layering
Soaking and Pricking
Stratifying Seed
Trees and Shrubs

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