Grow\'Em Plant Propagation Database
Custom Search
main index
plants index

propagation techniques


growth media

growth enviroment

Seed - General
Chipping Seed
Soaking and Pricking
Pre-sprouting Seed
Stratifying Seed
Cuttings - General
Stem Cuttings
Heel Cuttings
Root Cuttings
Leaf Cuttings
Rooting Hormone
Rooting with Vitamin B1
Rooting with Willow Extract
Dividing Plants
Dividing Orchid Pseudobulbs
Simple Layering
Air Layering
Tip or Trench Layering
Serpentine Layering
Bulbs - General
Bulb Chipping
Bulb Scaling
Twin Scaling
Grafting - General
Cleft or Wedge Grafting
Bud Grafting
Whip Grafting
Side-veneer Grafting
Plants of Home and Garden
Trees and Shrubs
Fruits and Vegetables
Herbs
Grains and Grasses
Cacti and Succulents
Water Plants
Bonsai
Orchids
Growth Media
Soil
Sphagnum and Peat Moss
Manure, Nitrogen, Potassium
Perlite
Vermiculite
Compost
Making Compost
Compostables
Constructing a Compost Bin
Indoor & Vermicomposting
Compost Tea
Composting Problems
Fertilization
Foliar Feeding
Green Manures
Bone Meal & Other Additives
Manure, Nitrogen, Potassium
Containers and Enclosures
Pots & Potted Plants
Biodegradable Pots
Raised Beds
Cold Frames
Cloches
Water and Irrigation
Drainage
Lighting
Artificial Light
HID Lighting
Aquarium Lighting
On Photosynthesis
Mulches
Synthetic Mulch
Floating Row Covers
Favorite Gardening Sites
General Information
Specific Interests
Seeds and Seed Catalogs
Nurseries
Gardening Tools
Garden Design
Miscellaneous
header, pests and organic pest control

image gallery

header, plant of the week

Organic Pest Control
plant hardiness zone maps

plant of the week
image gallery

links

Holly

Ilex species

Trees and Shrubs, Bonsai

Sow seed in early spring, after stratification; grow on well-drained, consistently moist, fertile soil. May also be sown in fall when ripe, in a protected spot; germination is erratic and can take several seasons. Sun to part shade. Note that plants are either male or female; both are required to produce fertile seed, though only the female plant produces fruits. Typically hardy zones 6-9, some deciduous species are hardy into zone 3

Use rooting hormone with softwood cuttings spring or summer, or semi-ripe cuttings fall and early winter; bottom heat may be helpful with the latter. Can also be grown by simple layering, which takes time; named cultivars may be bud-grafted onto Ilex aquifolium, English holly or common holly, rootstock

Ilex aquifolium is a good choice for exposed sites, zone 6-8. Ilex verticillata, the winterberry, does well in poorly-drained, wet and acidic soils; hardy in zones 3-9. Ilex crenata, or Japanese holly, is very useful as a bonsai species, indoors and out, as it is very shade-tolerant; zone 6-9

Oregon holly grape, holly mahonia (Mahonia aquifolium)

Cuttings
Root Cuttings
Cleft or Wedge Grafting
Simple Layering
Soil
Stratifying Seed
Trees and Shrubs
Bonsai

 
Don't see what you're looking for? Try our Search function.