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Zinfandel grapes prior to harvest


Vitis species

Fruits and Vegetables, Trees and Shrubs, Bonsai

Seed from fruit is washed, dried overnight, germinated in dark, sown 2 1/2" apart. Stratify older seed. Cut back to 2" when four times that height. Plant purchased specimens in spring while still dormant, into deep and well-drained soil. Tourniquet air layering takes 2-3 months. Can be used as bonsai. Hardy to zone 3

Green cuttings taken in spring, root easily; remove or shorten large leaves. Or take in fall immediately after leaves have dropped. Take two or three buds, cut immediately below bottom bud, 1" above the top one; bottom heat helpful. Note that Vitis vinifera, the European wine grape, doesn't do well in North America unless grafted onto New World rootstock. Keep bud union 2" or more above soil level. Young plants need moisture, warmth

Hardwood cuttings taken after leaf drop may also be overwintered in fridge or cold frame in moist peat moss, until ready to plant early spring, or planted directly into the cold frame if still possible

Grape hyacinth (Muscari species)
Natal vine, grape ivy (Rhoicissus rhomboidea)
Oregon holly grape, holly mahonia (Mahonia aquifolium)

Cleft or Wedge Grafting
Cold Frames
Fruits and Vegetables
Air Layering
Sphagnum and Peat Moss
Stratifying Seed
Trees and Shrubs

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