Grow\'Em Plant Propagation Database
Custom Search
main index
plants index

propagation techniques


growth media

growth enviroment

Seed - General
Chipping Seed
Soaking and Pricking
Pre-sprouting Seed
Stratifying Seed
Cuttings - General
Stem Cuttings
Heel Cuttings
Root Cuttings
Leaf Cuttings
Rooting Hormone
Rooting with Vitamin B1
Rooting with Willow Extract
Dividing Plants
Dividing Orchid Pseudobulbs
Simple Layering
Air Layering
Tip or Trench Layering
Serpentine Layering
Bulbs - General
Bulb Chipping
Bulb Scaling
Twin Scaling
Grafting - General
Cleft or Wedge Grafting
Bud Grafting
Whip Grafting
Side-veneer Grafting
Plants of Home and Garden
Trees and Shrubs
Fruits and Vegetables
Herbs
Grains and Grasses
Cacti and Succulents
Water Plants
Bonsai
Orchids
Growth Media
Soil
Sphagnum and Peat Moss
Manure, Nitrogen, Potassium
Perlite
Vermiculite
Compost
Making Compost
Compostables
Constructing a Compost Bin
Indoor & Vermicomposting
Compost Tea
Composting Problems
Fertilization
Foliar Feeding
Green Manures
Bone Meal & Other Additives
Manure, Nitrogen, Potassium
Containers and Enclosures
Pots & Potted Plants
Biodegradable Pots
Raised Beds
Cold Frames
Cloches
Water and Irrigation
Drainage
Lighting
Artificial Light
HID Lighting
Aquarium Lighting
On Photosynthesis
Mulches
Synthetic Mulch
Floating Row Covers
Favorite Gardening Sites
General Information
Specific Interests
Seeds and Seed Catalogs
Nurseries
Gardening Tools
Garden Design
Miscellaneous
header, pests and organic pest control

image gallery

header, plant of the week

Organic Pest Control
plant hardiness zone maps

plant of the week
image gallery

links

Euphorbia enterophora and Euphorbia grandicornis cuttings

Succulent euphorbias

Euphorbia species

Cacti and Succulents

Succulent Euphorbias native to hot, arid climates (some 850 of the 2000-odd Euphorbia species) require good light and well-drained soil. Many thrive in full sun, though some may scorch, and benefit from ground-level shade.

Most Euphorbia species can be grown from seed. Several observations should be made. First, some species are dioecious, i.e. have male and female flowers on separate plants. That is, to produce viable seed, plants of both types are required. Use a fine-tipped brush to transfer pollen from the stamens of one plant to the stigma of another. Note: nursery-purchased specimens are likely to have been reproduced vegetatively, from cuttings, and thus will typically be of only one sex.

Second observation: Euphorbias disperse their mature seeds rather explosively. Paint the ripening seed capsule with a layer of white glue to prevent seed loss.

Finally, Euphorbia seed does not remain viable long; sow immediately in sterile medium, at 70-80F/21-27C, and keep moist. Protect from full sun, and decrease watering once seedlings are established.

Cuttings taken in spring or summer provide the simplest way of propagating most Euphorbias; cut at branching species at a joint. Dip in cold water until the latex stops flowing, and allow the cutting to callus, at least several days for leafless species. Rooting hormone can be helpful; pot in sterile medium, protect from full sun, and water infrequently.

Note: Euphorbia latex can be very irritating. Handle with care.

Root rot is a significant risk to succulent Euphorbias: water infrequently, and rarely in winter or lower-light conditions. Fertilize only using low-nitrogen preparations; larger, fast-growing species will need repotting every few years.

Tropical species typically hardy only in zone 10; some north and south African species can tolerate temperature dips as low as freezing, especially if their roots are dry.


Euphorbia grandicornis - cow's hornEuphorbia enterophora


Cacti and Succulents
Cuttings
Fertilization
Soil
Seed

 
Don't see what you're looking for? Try our Search function.